Results of this external validation process are found to be extremely satisfactory, indicating a high goodness of fit between simulated and real values. However, these regions had been the ones that most benefited during the upturn of the economic activity. This article offers an extensive analysis of the spatial and functional allocation of public investment in Greece over a 33-year period and for various political-economic sub-periods. This is achieved by using demographic and socioeconomic characteristics as constraint variables. In 2010 the World Health Organisation dedicated the Word Health Day to urbanization and health, highlighting the impacts of urban living on physical and mental health.
The principal conclusions are that regional allocations of infrastructure investment 1 were negatively associated with regional product per capita as well as with population size and population density, 2 were positively associated with the existing stock of infrastructure capital as well as with the share of agriculture in regional Gross Domestic Product, and 3 were increased across prefectures in years preceding national elections. Urban green space constitutes a crucial element of all cities. The formulation and implementation of cultural policies, a key issue for urban economic development, relate to a variety of economic sectors. The culture of any city undoubtedly promotes its development. It proposes a model which explicitly relates the allocation of public investment to electoral results using a unique dataset covering the period from the restoration of democracy in 1974 until 2009, just before the Great Recession that radically transformed the political panorama of the country.
Our results offer little evidence of regional or functional targeting, the exploitation of synergies and scale effects efficiency , or the pursuit of objectives related to equity or redistribution. Key words Economic crisis urban unemployment urban welfare regional resilience heterogeneous effect Greece Rodríguez-Pose A. This paper proposes a new framework for analysis of the determinants of regional income inequality. You should start right now! This process has also been affected by local economic restructuring mechanisms, which, in recent years, have evolved within the context of the 2008 economic crisis. They provide an overview of regional development concerns from Greek regional scientists but the issues discussed pervade Greek particularities and stimulate thinking about regional science, regional development and regional policy in the early twenty-first century. The results indicate a negative effect of educational level on the formation of income inequality, probably due to the lack of an advanced knowledge-based economic structure in the case of the Greek economy.
This paper discusses how electoral politics shapes the regional allocation of public investment expenditures per capita in Greece. It examines the prevalence of criteria relating to redistribution, efficiency and equity; the temporal stability and functional complementarity of the observed allocations; and the extent of specialisation, concentration and clustering. Using regional public investment data for ten political periods 1975-2009 , combined with electoral data by constituency, a model is proposed that captures the influence of politics on the regional distribution of public investment expenditures. Specialization in manufacturing is an important determinant of regional development, either in times of growth or in times of crisis, while tourism generates benefits to the neighbouring regions in times of economic crisis. The same applies to the regions that are based on agriculture, which had benefited during the period of economic development but cannot sustain the gains of development during the recession.
The results of the analysis point to a strong relationship between electoral results and regional public investment spending. Analysis of the results indicates that the economic crisis has had a tremendous impact on welfare conditions across the metropolitan area of Athens. However, the returns vary according to different types of public investment, with education and infrastructure spillovers having the highest impact. Regions where the governing party whether Liberal or Socialist has held a monopoly of seats have been the greatest beneficiaries of this type of pork-barrel politics. This paper sets out to estimate the impact of the recent economic crisis and austerity measures on income and welfare conditions across municipalities in the Athens metropolitan area. Finally, the impact of different types of public investment in Greece is mediated by politics and political factors, but the effect of politics disappears once we control for political-period-specific spatial-invariant variables. Our evidence also highlights the distinctive nature of Greece in geographical terms, reporting significant differences across diverse geographical regions such as islands or mountainous areas.
Given this fact, the role of regional specificities, such as the extent to which an economy is characterized by a knowledge-based structure, constitute essential parameters that need to be taken into consideration during a policy-design process. The survey explores attitudes towards alternative uses of urban green space and addresses the — critical for land use policy — issue of financing its provision, maintenance and expansion. The fourth section then focuses on changes to different components of regional policy i. It's easy to get started - we will give you example code. The article analyses the impact of the ongoing economic crisis on Greek urban economies.
Finally, the study presents a number of model outputs, illustrating changes in social and economic geography, during a severe economic crisis, offering a great opportunity for discussing further potential of this model in policy analysis. Market-driven processes are found to increase inequalities, while public policies tend partly to off-set the cumulative effects of growth on space. The results question the additionality and coordination between European Union Cohesion Policy and the domestic regional policies for the promotion of regional growth in the less well-off regions of Europe. After this introduction, the second section reviews the Greek regional problem and considers different approaches to understanding and perceiving it. The sixth section summaries the regional policy changes in Greece during the recent period. This study attempts to shed light on the evolution of the spatial segregation of immigrants within the metropolitan area of Athens, during a period of a rapid urban transformation, using data from the last two census waves 2001 and 2011. Regional development is attracting the attention of policy makers and scientists again, as regions, urban centers and rural areas, experience substantial pressures, particularly in Europe, as a consequence of globalization and geopolitical changes which lead to changes in spatial structures and dynamics.
The findings have substantial policy implications for crisis management, recovery policy measures and the country's cohesion. This paper develops a model on the determinants of the regional allocation of public infrastructure investment and applies it to Greece for 1982-94 using panel methods of estimation. This book is based on the contributions of Greek regional science research presented at the 2006 Congress of the European Regional Science Association at Volos, Greece. More specifically, it investigates the links between education and income inequality, at a municipal level during the period 1994—2012, using a balanced panel dataset. Regional development is attracting the attention of policy makers and scientists again, as regions, urban centers and rural areas, experience substantial pressures, particularly in Europe, as a consequence of globalization and geopolitical changes which lead to changes in spatial structures and dynamics. First, we present a brief overview of the method and discuss its potential for the analysis of multidimensional poverty and income inequality in Greece.