About this Item: Cambridge University Press, 1990. This chapter has two main aims. Outcomes: Results were analyzed in terms of prevalence 10. Case studies of violent and career criminals; 6. Results of recent research suggest that longitudinal influences on sex differences in verbal and spatial abilities, and delinquent behavior, may be similar. Professor Denno has visited on the faculties of Columbia Law School and Vanderbilt Law School. For example, whereas some factors, such as hyperactivity, can be genetically transmitted across generations, causing a biological predisposition to criminal behavior, hyperactive people, as adults, can in turn, create instability in their families, making their children more prone to criminality, an environmental condition.
Case study comparisons between the most violent males and females and their controls show that criminals evidence a higher incidence of lead poisoning, disobedience, head injury, and a history of epileptic seizures among themselves or their immediate family members. Case study comparisons between the most violent males and females and their controls show that criminals evidence a higher incidence of lead poisoning, disobedience, head injury, and a history of epileptic seizures among themselves or their immediate family members. Powerful influences on violence include behavioral disorders during youth, low school achievement, parents with a low educational level, an absent father, hyperactivity, lead poisoning, left-handedness and mixed dominance, soft neurological signs, and neurological abnormalities. Case studies of violent and career criminals; 6. For each content domain, we synthesized findings across all available meta-analyses to highlight current literature gaps and direct future investigations that might close those voids. The author concludes that many of the factors contributing to criminal and violent behaviour can be prevented because they have clear environmental origins that can be eliminated.
Hence, the most pertinent work in this area acknowledges the link between the individual and environmental stimuli and cues see, for example, Denno 1990; Niehoff 1999; Freedman and Hemenway, 2000. It also focuses mainly on young people aged 10—17 and relies on research carried out in North America, Great Britain, or similar Western countries. She is often quoted in the media and has appeared on numerous television news reports and documentaries. Results are discussed in terms of possible sex differences in the development of the left and right cerebral hemispheres, as well as in the vulnerability to environmental influences. Biological and environmental influences on crime; 2.
The findings call into question general theories of criminality that do not distinguish between violent and other forms of offending and support the proposal that poverty is differentially associated with violent crime. The results do not confirm the findings of previous studies indicating direct relationships between violence and early intelligence, mental retardation, socioeconomic status, or early central nervous system dysfunction. Professor Denno detailed the results of this study in her book, Biology and Violence: From Birth to Adulthood 1990. It is suggested that it is philosophically inconsistent to provide for criminal defenses based upon what appear to be 'internal' factor, such as brain tumors, but then discount defenses based on what appear to be 'external' factors, such as lead poisoning or other types of environmental factors, given the fragile assumptions of causation that this 'internal-external' distinction is based on. By examining over 150 variables spanning the lives of these youths, the study concludes that both biological and environmental factors produce strong, and independent, effects on delinquency and adult crime among males and females, who are distinguished from their controls. The author concludes that most factors contributing to criminal and violent behavior can be prevented because they have environmental origins that can be eliminated. Cliquez sur Exécuter ou sur Enregistrer, puis suivez les directives pour effectuer la mise à jour.
Prior to designing her own empirical research studies, Professor Denno engaged in a wide range of other quantitative criminological research. The results indicate that both biological and environmental factors produce strong, and independent, effects on both delinquency and adult crime and violence among both males and females. This book presents the most comprehensive study to date of the major biological, psychological and environmental predictors of criminal behavior, particularly violence, through a detailed analysis of nearly 1000 low-income black youths from their birth to early adulthood. Light rubbing wear to cover, spine and page edges. Rather than viewing violence as a natural or cultural mandate, new findings in biology can help any student of violence place the topic in a unified context. The results indicate that both biological and environmental factors produce strong, and independent, effects on both delinquency and adult crime and violence among both males and females.
Over 100 predictors of violent behaviour found to be significant in past biological and sociological studies of crime are analysed. Over 100 predictors of violent behaviour found to be significant in past biological and sociological studies of crime are analysed. The author concludes that both biological and environmental factors, in interaction, cause crime. Register a Free 1 month Trial Account. Violent criminals as children and as adults; 3.
Series Title: Responsibility: Deborah W. Also at Fordham Law, Professor Denno teaches criminal law, criminal procedure, torts, and seminars on topics such as law and neuroscience as well as advanced criminal law and advanced criminal procedure. The E-mail message field is required. The author concludes that most factors contributing to criminal and violent behavior can be prevented because they have environmental origins that can be eliminated. Powerful influences on violence include behavioural disorder during youth, low school achievement, hyperactivity, lead poisoning, and low levels of parental education.
The author examines criminal behaviour from birth to adulthood in a sample of nearly 1,000 subjects in order to determine the biological and sociological influences on violence. She also provides an excellent critique of research methodology, pointing out the flaws in previous research on biological determinants of crime. Case studies of violent and career criminals-- 6. Lastly, Chief Justice Roberts cited a sixth article by Professor Denno, Testing Penry and its Progeny, 22 American Journal of Criminal Law 1 1994 , in two separate opinions in 2007. Violent criminals as children and as adults; 3.
Update your browser to continue using indigo. The authors test the differential etiology of violence thesis using a sample of teenagers from the Add Health data set. In five chapters, this short volume reviews the limited extent of girls' delinquency literature, presents data on girls' offending patterns onset, persistence, specialization, and desistence , provides insights on gender differences by comparison with the Pittsburgh Youth Study, which focused on male offenders, and explores the theoretical and practical implications of the results. Biology and responsibility; Appendix: selection and distribution of Biosocial Project variables; References; Author index; Subject index. Findings supported in part past research suggesting that environmental relationships with intellectual ability and delinquency are strongest for males, whereas biological relationships are somewhat more important for females. This book takes an important first step toward integrating biological and social perspectives. From United Kingdom to U.